The Texas Penal Code, also known as the TPC, is the primary criminal code of the state of Texas, USA. It outlines the various criminal offenses in the state, the corresponding punishments, and how they should be enforced. In this article, we will focus on one specific section of the TPC – 30.05.

What is 30.05?

30.05 is a section of the Texas Penal Code that deals specifically with criminal trespassing. It states that a person commits an offense if they enter or remain on someone else’s property without the owner’s consent, and they had notice that entry was forbidden or received notice to depart.

This can happen in a couple of different ways. The first is if a property owner has clearly posted signs prohibiting entry, such as “No Trespassing” signs, and the person enters anyway. The second is if the property owner has verbally told the person to leave, and then they refuse to do so.

The punishment for this offense depends on the severity of the crime. If the person only entered without the owner’s consent, it is a Class B misdemeanor, which is punishable by a fine of up to $2,000 and/or up to 180 days in jail. However, if the person refuses to leave after being asked to depart, it can be escalated to a Class A misdemeanor, which has a punishment of up to one year in jail and/or up to $4,000 in fines.

How does 30.05 impact property owners?

For property owners, it is important to post signs where necessary and to be clear and concise when telling someone to leave their property. While trespassing is generally thought of as physical entry onto property, this section of the TPC also includes remaining on unauthorized property. This means that if someone is asked to leave and they do not, they can still be charged with trespassing.

Additionally, property owners should be aware that there are certain situations in which someone is not considered a trespasser. For example, if a person enters a property with the reasonable belief that it is theirs or they have a right to be there, they cannot be charged with trespassing. Furthermore, if a person enters property to aid someone in danger or to retrieve property that belongs to them, they cannot be charged with trespassing.


30.05 of the Texas Penal Code is an essential section that property owners should be aware of. To avoid charges of criminal trespassing, it is important to post proper signage and verbally instruct people to leave unauthorized areas of property. Additionally, individuals should be aware of their rights when it comes to entering and remaining on property, as there are certain exceptions to the law. By keeping these things in mind, both property owners and visitors can better adhere to the law and avoid legal consequences.

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